PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

Estimating Spillovers from Publicly Funded R&D: Evidence from the US Department of Energy

with Lauren Lanahan

American Economic Review (2022), 112(7), 2393–2423

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The spillovers from public R&D grants are large and reach far across geographic and technological space, and focusing only on firms that directly receive grants causes you to miss a lot of what's going on.

Potentially Long-lasting Effects of the Pandemic on Scientists

with Jian Gao, Yian Yin, Karim Lakhani, and Dashun Wang

Nature Communications (2021), 12, 6188

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The COVID-19 pandemic led to a significant decline in the number of "new" research projects initiated by academic researchers.

The Elasticity of Science

American Economic Journal: Applied Economics (2020), 12(4), 103–134

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The adjustment costs of science -- getting scientists to study what you want them to -- are very large.

Unequal Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Scientists

with Wei Yang Tham, Yian Yin, Nina Cohodes, Jerry Thursby, Marie Thursby, Peter Schiffer, Joseph Walsh, Karim Lakhani, and Dashun Wang 

Nature Human Behaviour (2020), 4, 880–883

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Scientists experienced a wide range of disruptions to their work in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, with the largest declines amongst those in the "bench sciences," female scientists, and researchers with young children at home.

Endogenous Productivity of Demand-Induced R&D: Evidence from Pharmaceuticals

with Mark Pauly

RAND Journal of Economics (2019), 50(3), 591–614

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When people want more new drugs, firms are happy to invest in ideas that cost more. And as they run out of "low hanging fruit" while demand keeps growing, R&D costs will naturally grow.